This essay looks into the history of the United States force-establishing trade between Japan and the Western world. In a desire to trade with the country, US president Millard Fillmore assigned Commodore Matthew Cailbraith Perry to open Japan for trade. After the signing of the Treaty of Kanagawa in 1854, other Western countries such as Great Britain and the Netherlands sought to make treaties with Japan regarding trade. There was notable discontent within the Japanese population about the presence and influence of Western culture. The breaking point came in 1868, when the Tokugawa shogunate was overthrown by young samurai warriors, who then declared the start of the Meiji Era. While the intention was to adopt Western technologies to, ironically, combat Western influence, Japan's rapid modernization led to the adoption of some aspects of Western culture, including sports and architecture. While it's important to note this essay wasn't intended to make light of Perry's actions in Japan, it did look into how the opening of Japan was a catalyst to it's current state of modernzation.